15. U.S. Customs and Border Services, CSMS #41149692, U.S.-Japan trade agreement: information on the request for preferential treatment. www.cbp.gov/trade/free-trade-agreements/japan. In accordance with other bilateral free trade agreements, Schedule II of the trade agreement contains the rules of origin and origin to determine whether a product can benefit from preferential treatment. For the purposes of the trade agreement, a trademark originated in Japan if it meets one of the following criteria: the U.S.-Japan Trade Agreement (USJTA) came into force on January 1, 2020. In that agreement, Japan committed to grant the United States significant market access by phasing in most tariffs, implementing significant tariff reductions or allowing a certain volume of imports at a lower price. Once the USJTA is fully implemented, nearly 90% of U.S. food and agricultural products imported into Japan will be duty-free or preferential tariff access. The full text of the agreement and fact sheets are available on the website of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR). Japan has requested ratification by submitting the agreements to its bicameral legislation, the National Parliament.
On November 19, 2019, the lower house of Parliament, the House of Representatives, voted on both agreements. On 4 December 2019, the Landtag approved the agreements after adoption by the Council, the House of Lords of the Landtag. In the absence of congressional approval in the United States, President Trump signed the agreements himself on December 26, 2019. Both agreements came into force on January 1, 2020. Appendix II of the agreement sets out the rules of origin for determining whether a gutwartin is eligible for preferential or “agreement-derived” tariff treatment. The product-specific provisions (Annex II of the agreement) set out the degree of change in the tariff classification to which non-original materials must be subject. The general note 36 is added to the HTSUS and contains the requirements of the agreement. Links to the text of the U.S.-Japan trade agreement and related documents are listed below. This agreement provides for the limited application of safeguard measures allowing temporary increases in tariffs when imports exceed a predetermined triggering measure. Japan will have protective measures for beef, pork, whey, oranges and racehorses.