The negotiated EU withdrawal agreement provided that the UK would be bound to the Common Fisheries Policy until the end of a transitional period. The agreement on the “backstop” rules for Northern Ireland states that the free movement of fishing and aquaculture products would not be included in any UK-wide backstop customs regime “unless an agreement between the EU and the United Kingdom on access to fishing waters and opportunities is applicable.” The political declaration stipulates that any fisheries agreement should be in force for the first year following the transition period and sets a deadline for ratification of a fisheries agreement on 1 July 2020. The new withdrawal agreement and the political declaration adopted in October 2019 have not made any significant changes with regard to fisheries, but Mr Barnier must obtain the authorisation of EU countries with large fishing fleets (such as France and Spain) before he wants to compromise. After almost half a century of EU membership and its predecessors, relations between British fishermen and their counterparts and consumers in the eu-largest states are closely linked. Most of what British fishermen fish in their waters, especially crustaceans that are not controlled by a quota of PCPs, are sold on the continent. Similarly, most of the fish sold and consumed in the UK have been caught elsewhere. The UK has a fish trade surplus and exports 80% of what it catches – 40% of total catches in UK waters by weight, but 60% by value – and imports 70% of what it eats.  Johnson stated that he wanted the UK`s final agreement with the EU to be concluded, such as the 2014 Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between the EU and Canada, which, while removing most tariffs, maintains the application of standards and does not guarantee the proper functioning of trade.  In a presentation to the heads of state and government of the European Council in December 2017, Mr Barnier, who announced last September his intention to lecture the British people on their exit from the EU, said that CETA`s relations, like the EU-South Korea agreement, would be the only outcome for both sides in the face of the UK`s red lines.  In November 2019, Sir Ivan Rogers, the LAST permanent UK representative to the EU before the Brexit vote, said in a speech that CETA was “much cited by the Johnson government, but I fear I am not very well understood,” noting that it took years of negotiations to develop a 550-page main document. , with annexes and annexes that contain specific provisions for each EU member state, bringing the total number of pages to 6,000.
 Commercial fishing is indeed a very small part of the British economy. Of the approximately 30 million employees [in 2018], commercial fishing directly employs about 12,000 people in the UK [Source: Marine Socio-Economics Project, New Economics Foundation, May 2014], although, like all sectors, there are other people in the wider supply and aid sectors.